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Mandarin Comparisons

Bi - More Than

By

It seems to be human nature to compare people and things. Even if we think of ourselves as non-judgmental, comparative words such as “easier,” “faster,” and “the best” are essential in everyday conversation.

As with much of Mandarin grammar, Mandarin comparisons are quite easy to construct. The rules are straight-forward and there are few if any exceptions.

More Than

To show that one thing has more or is more than another, we use the particle . The comparative is a Stative Verb (SV) which refers to a state or condition which is quite static. Examples of Stative Verbs are tall; expensive; and important.

The sentence construction of this comparison is:

Noun1 noun2 SV.

...which translates as:

Noun1 is more SV than noun2.

The nouns can also be noun phrases, such as “those people,” or “the tables in this room.”

Examples of Bǐ

This house is prettier than that one.
Zhè dòng fángzi bǐ nà dòng fángzi piàoliang.
(trad) 這棟房子比那棟房子漂亮。
(simp) 这栋房子比那栋房子漂亮。

My older brother is taller than me.
Wǒ de gēgē bǐ wǒ gāo.
我的哥哥比我高。

Our house is bigger than the one next door.
Wǒmen de fángzi bǐ gébì de dà.
(trad) 我們的房子比隔壁的大。
(simp) 我们的房子比隔壁的大。

Modifiers of Bǐ

Sometimes you may need to modify bi with a little (yīdiǎn) or a lot (de duō). These modifiers are placed after the Stative Verb.

Examples of Modifiers

This house is a little bit smaller than the other one.
Zhè dòng fángzi bǐ nà dòng fángzi xiǎo yīdiǎn.
(trad) 這棟房子比那棟房子小一點。
(simp) 这栋房子比那栋房子小一点。

My younger sister is a lot shorter than me.
Wǒ de mèimèi bǐ wǒ ǎi de duō.
我的妹妹比我矮得多。

Even More

The particle gèng can be used when extending a comparison to a third person or object. It is used in a supplementary sentence or phrase, and appears directly before the Stative Verb.

Examples of Gèng

My older brother is taller than me, but my father is even taller.
Wǒ de gēgē bǐ wǒ gāo. Wǒ de bàba gèng gāo.
我的哥哥比我高。 我的爸爸更高。

It is more expensive to travel to Japan than the Philippines. Going to America is even more expensive.
Dào Rìběn lǚyóu bǐ dào fēilǜbīn guì. Dào Měiguó gèng guì.
(trad) 到日本旅遊比到菲律賓貴。 到美國更貴。
(simp) 到日本旅游比到菲律宾贵。 到美国更贵。
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