The potential complement de is used to show the outcome of an action or event. This action can be habitual (i.e. he walks slowly) or a particular event (i.e. he sang well last night).
The potential complement de is placed after a verb. This structure is followed by a phrase which shows the result of the preceding action:
VERB + de 得 + RESULT
Here is an example:
Tā shuō de hěn hǎo.
He speaks well.
In the example above, the de 得 particle comes after the verb shuō (speak), and the following phrase (hěn hǎo) describes how the speaking is done.
|Pinyin||English||Traditional Characters||Simplified Characters|
|Nǐ tīng dé dǒng ma ?||Do you understand (what was said)?||你聽得懂嗎?||你听得懂吗?|
|Bàozhǐ wǒ kàn dé wán.||I finished reading the newspaper.||報紙我看得完｡||报纸我看得完｡|
|Tā pǎo de chuǎnbúshàng qì lái.||He was out of breath from running.||他跑得喘不上氣來。||他跑得喘不上气来。|
|Tā chàng gē chàng de hěn hǎo.||He sings very well.||他唱歌唱得很好。||他唱歌唱得很好。|
|Xiāng Gǎng bǐ Běijīng de tiānqì rè dé duō.||The weather in Hong Kong is much hotter than Beijing.||香港比北京的天氣熱得多。||香港比北京的天气热得多。|