1. Education
Send to a Friend via Email

Mandarin Pronouns

By

There are just three basic pronouns in spoken Mandarin:

  • I, me - wǒ - 我
  • You - nǐ - 你
  • He, Him / She, Her / It - tā

Plurals

Plurals are formed by adding 'men' at the end of the pronoun:

  • We, Us - wǒ men - 我們
  • You - nǐ men - 你們
  • They, Them - tā men - 他們

When speaking to elders or someone in authority, it is more polite to address them formally with nín 您 instead of the less formal nǐ - 你.

Written Forms

He, she, and it all have the same sound - tā, but they use different characters for writing:

  • he - 他
  • she - 她
  • it - 它

In spoken Mandarin, the context of the sentence will usually (but not always!) tell you whether the speaker is referring to a man, a woman or a thing.

Reflexive Pronoun

Mandarin also has a reflexive pronoun zì jǐ -自己, used when both subject and object are the same. For example:

Tā xǐ huàn tā zì jǐ – He likes himself.

Zì jǐ can also be used directly after a noun or pronoun to intensify the subject. For example:

Wǒ zì jǐ xǐ huàn. – I, myself, like it.

Sound Clips of Mandarin Pronouns

Here are some example sentences using Mandarin pronouns.

Audio files are marked with ►

Wǒ - 我

I am a student.
Wǒ shì xuéshēng.
我是學生。

I like ice cream.
Wǒ xǐhuān bīngqílín.
我喜歡冰淇淋。

I don’t have a bicycle.
Wǒ méi yǒu jiǎotàchē.
我沒有腳踏車。

Nǐ - 你

Are you a student?
Nǐ shì xuéshēng ma?
你是學生嗎?

Do you like ice cream?
Nǐ xǐhuan bīngqílín ma?
你喜歡冰淇淋嗎?

Do you have a bicycle?
Nǐ yǒu jiǎotàchē ma?
你有腳踏車嗎?

Tā - 她

She is a doctor.
Tā shì yīshēng.
她是醫生。

She likes coffee.
Tā xǐhuan kāfēi.
她喜歡咖啡。

She doesn’t have a car.
Tā méi yǒu chē.
她沒有車。

Wǒmen - 我們

We are students.
Wǒmen shì xuéshēng.
我們是學生。

We like ice cream.
Wǒmen xǐhuan bīngqílín.
我們喜歡冰淇淋。

We don’t have a bicycle.
Wǒmen méi yǒu jiǎotàchē.
我們沒有腳踏車。

Tāmen - 他們

They are students.
Tāmen shì xuéshēng.
他們是學生。

They like coffee.
Tāmen xǐhuan kāfēi.
他們喜歡咖啡。

They don’t have a car.
Tāmen méi yǒu chē.
他們沒有車。

Zìjǐ - 自己

He lives by himself.
Tā zìjǐ zhù.
他自己住。

I will go myself.
Wǒ zìjǐ qù.
我自己去。
  1. About.com
  2. Education
  3. Mandarin Language
  4. Grammar
  5. Essential Grammar
  6. Mandarin Pronouns

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.