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Chinese Food Vocabulary

Popular Chinese Food

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Chinese food is one of the most popular types of cuisine worldwide. It's no wonder! Chinese food is tasty, healthy, and the wide variety means there's something for every taste.

As with many cultural exports, the names of some Chinese dishes have changed by the time they arrived in other countries. So if you visit China or Taiwan, you may find that the names of dishes are unfamiliar.

If you visit a Mandarin-speaking country, this list of popular Chinese food dishes will help when it comes time to ordering food. The items have been roughly arranged by type of food.

Click on the links in the Pinyin column to hear the audio.

EnglishPinyinCharacters
dumplings shuǐ jiǎo 水餃
sticky buns mán tou 饅頭
steamed stuffed bun bāo zi 包子
fried noodles chǎo miàn 炒麵
plain noodles yáng chūn miàn 陽春麵
fried rice noodles chǎo mǐ fěn 炒米粉
steamed white rice bái fàn 白飯
sushi shòu sī 壽司
vegetarian platter sù shí jǐn 素什錦
white radish patty luóbo gāo 蘿蔔糕
spicy tofu má pó dòufu 麻婆豆腐
beef and rice niúròu fàn 牛肉飯
egg omelet dàn bǐng 蛋餅
chicken leg and rice jī tuǐ fàn 雞腿飯
Peking duck běi píng kǎoyā 北平烤鴨
pork chop and rice páigǔ fàn 排骨飯
fish cooked in soy sauce hóng shāo yú 紅燒魚
fried rice with shrimp xiā rén chǎo fàn 蝦仁炒飯
crab páng xiè 螃蟹
egg and vegetable soup dànhuātāng 蛋花湯
seaweed soup zǐ cài tāng 紫菜湯
hot and sour soup suān là tāng 酸辣湯
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